Boosting Broadband: No Bailout1/09/2009 7:00 PM Eastern
From great crisis comes great opportunity. At least if you're a lobbyist in Washington.
And while Chrysler plants are shutting down and journalists are being sacked by the thousands, influence-peddlers inside the Beltway are gearing up to get a piece of what could be a $1 trillion economic stimulus package.
The legislation is being written as you read this, and the new Congress wants to get it on President-elect Barack Obama's desk right after he's sworn into office on Jan. 20.
Much of the package is sure to be devoted to what we traditionally think of as infrastructure: roads and bridges and school repairs. And that's definitely needed. But if we really want to jump-start the 21st-century economy, we need to start investing in the information superhighway.
Nearly half of U.S. households don't have a high-speed Internet connection. And without massive public investment, we'll keep falling behind the rest of the world.
Building better broadband is no bailout. It's a downpayment on our digital future.
According to a 2007 study by the Brookings Institution, boosting U.S. broadband adoption by 20% — putting America on par with a country like Denmark — would create 3 million new jobs.
Fortunately, Obama is saying the right things. “It is unacceptable that the United States ranks 15th in the world in broadband adoption,” he said in his Dec. 6 weekly address. “Here, in the country that invented the Internet, every child should have the chance to get online.”
The challenge is turning that rhetoric into reality. Last week, my colleague S. Derek Turner of Free Press published a proposal for a $44 billion package that would bring world-class broadband to every corner of the country.
Here are a few elements to look for in any final legislation:
Americans pay far more for much slower speeds than countries like South Korea, Japan and France. The stimulus shouldn't be used to install quickly dated technology. This is the moment to build “future-proof” broadband capable of delivering actual (not just advertised) speeds of 100 Megabits per second for downloads and uploads.
The U.S. has long funded programs to bring phone service to rural areas, and it's time to update those programs to support wired and wireless broadband networks. Turner estimates that with $20 billion over the next three years, we could close the rural-urban digital divide.
Super-high-speed Internet will be delivered by fiber-optic cables to the home — and the big cost is digging up the streets and sidewalks. The Swiss have implemented a program that requires their dominant telco to deploy multiple strands of fiber — one for their services, the others to be sold to third-party competitors. In the U.S., this could be an innovative way to spur innovation and prevent a monopoly.
“Every child online in 2009” has a nice ring to it — though the end of Obama's first term is a more realistic goal. We shouldn't just connect schools and libraries. We should turn them into wireless networks serving whole neighborhoods. And for low-income families who don't live near their schools, there should be tax breaks for Internet access.
New projects only
To ensure that stimulus funding isn't paying for things the telecom companies already intend to build, companies must disclose their current capital spending plans and submit to audits. This effort should fund projects that wouldn't have occurred for years without public investment. And the benefits should be available to all providers, including municipalities, nonprofits and new competitors.
No blank checks
We're talking billions of dollars, and the big phone and cable companies aren't going to keep their promises without strict oversight and accountability. The public needs to see that their money isn't being spent to prop up stock prices.
Done right with the proper safeguards, this effort would immediately put tens of thousands of people to work. Over the long term, it means millions more jobs and hundreds of billions of dollars in every sector of the economy.
In other words, if we hope to get out of this economic crisis, using the stimulus to bring Internet to everyone is an opportunity we can't afford to miss.